Poliorcetic of roman Empire: the example of siege towers at Massada battle. First, the oldest known siege towers were used by troops of Neo-Assyrian Empire during the 9th century BC. The biggest siege towers of antiquity were the Helepolis (meaning “The takers of cities”). But these huges towers need a level ground to be use. SO, a lot of them needed to be used on top of siege-mounds, mode of earth, rubble or timber mounds in order to overtop a defensive wall. For example, the remain of such a siege-ramp at Masada, has survived almost 2 000 years and can be still today. The siege of Masada was one of the final events of the First Jewish-Roman war between 73 and 74 AD. This siege was chronicle by Flavius Joseph (37-100 AD) and explained how the roman army surrounded Masada and the Jewish. He explained how the circumvallation had been built, with thousand of stones and beaten earth to do so. Completed during the summer of 73 AD, the giant siege tower with a battering ram was constructed to destroy the wall. According to the archaeologist Dan Gill, the ramp for the siege tower was one of the biggest ever made. Indeed, his investigations in the early of the 1900s confirmed that the 114m high assault ramp consisted mostly of natural spur and bedrock. Furthermore, according to Joseph Flavius, when the Roman breached the wall, they discover that the defendants (less of 1 000 people) had set all the buildings ablaze and committed suicide.
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