Cajun Country by Barry Jean Ancelet, Jay Edwards, and Glen Pitre; Copyright 1991 " the first documented arrival of acadians occurred in New Orleans in April of 1764. Twenty unidentified exiles reached the colony from Mobile, Alabama. Louisiana was still under a caretaker French administration at this time, before being transferred to Spain, as agreed in the secret Convention of Fountain Blue (November 1762). The immigrants were provided some modest assistance and settled near the Cabannoce Post in present-day St. James and St. John the Baptist parish is, above New Orleans on the Mississippi River. This area later became known as the Acadian Coast (Maps 3, 4).
Beginning in February 1765, Acadians began arriving in New Orleans by ship from Saint Domingue. At the time, Louisiana was in the process of being transferred from French to Spanish control. These new settlers were also given some material assistance and transported to the Attakapas Post in western Louisiana. They were given land on the Bayou Teche, but the land turned out to be of poor quality (the result of a land swap arranged by a former French military officer to improve his holdings.) The Acadians rejected low-lying parcels and moved downstream to find better quality land. Factionalism troubled the early settlers; many settlers moved yet again, dispersing the population of Long Bayou Teche in Back to the previously established Acadian settlements on the Mississippi River. Gradually, these and other newly arriving akkadian settlers push northward and Westward into the Prairies of South Central Louisiana. They established both farms and vacheries (cattle ranches), constructing their homesteads along the banks of the rivers and water courses that laced the open grasslands of the area.
Other groups of Acadians continued to arrive from the English colonies of the eastern seaboard and later directly from France. Perhaps as many as 3,000 arrived in all. St. James Parish on the Acadian Coast was the early center of the Acadian settlement on the Mississippi....
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