Hello and welcome to Artistic Monday. Today we are doing to talk about one, but very important reason I've found for myself to visit the USA. And that, ladies and gentlemen is art deco.
Since I don't use any stock photos except when I talk about important people and showered maps or old illustrations, I had to pick these pictures from my(spoiler alert) trip to Belgium. That, of course, will be all covered in due time.
Meanwhile, good morning Art Deco. Just as its predecessor, Art Nouveau, Art Deco was a total art style, which means that it has encompassed all the forms of art, but mainly architecture, sculpture, design and applied arts. It was highly influenced by the other art movements, such as Cubism(which is kind of obvious looking at that bulding) and Fauvism.
The first rise of this style is attributed to the international art fair in Paris in 1925, so in some sense it became the leading style of the roaring twenties. It featured luxurious materials and pretentious forms, such as this sculptures. It didn't have a goal to move toward more natural forms, like Art Nouveau did, it aimed to demonstrate the contrast between natural and man-made and obvious domination of the latter.
That is perfect, dominating and pretentiousness is exactly what we are looking for, said, well, almost everyone who had money, and it just so happened that after the devastation of Europe in the Great War, those were mostly in the USA, which became a treasure box of Art Deco. And I'm not talking just about Chrysler Skyscraper and such like, but also public buildings like movie theatres and so on.
These exorbitant forms were subdued during the Great Depression, which was to be expected, newer materials, such as chrome, arrived and the art deco started to fade away.
In the later years an modernist group was rising within the movement, they wanted to use less decorations, more practical materials, and use the modern advantages of mass production. The rise of various modernist art movements, a new International architectural architectural style and Second World War led to final decline of Art Deco. Luckily, efforts are made to preserve it. USA, here I come! Eventually.