"If repetition exists, it expresses at once a singularity opposed to the general, a universality opposed to the particular, a distinctive opposed to the ordinary, an instantaneity opposed to variation and an eternity opposed to permanence.
In every respect, repetition is a transgression. It puts law into question, it denounces its nominal or general character in favour of a more profound and more artistic reality."
On the nuances of Brutalism, of Ashtanga, of Steve Reich's 'Phase Patterns'.
(Or at least, I think it should.)
Jean (Hans) Arp
French-German sculptor, painter, and collagist
Movements and styles: Dada, Surrealism
Something of a one-man movement, Jean Arp could (and did) make anything into art. Best-known for his biomorphic sculptures, and one of the most versatile creative minds of the early-20th century, he fashioned sculptures out of plaster, stone and bronze, and also expressed himself in paintings, drawings, collages and poems. His approach to form, often referred to as organic abstraction, was remarkably consistent: his wavy lines suggested plants, body parts and other natural motifs, while remaining entirely abstract. Like an extraterrestrial on earth for the very first time, Arp's genius was in presenting visual information as if he is first seeing it. Transformation, growth, fecundity, and metamorphosis are among the dominant themes in his work.
Edwin Parker Cy Twombly, Jr. (1928-2011) was the great American painter and sculptor famed for his highly sophisticated, freely scribbled, calligraphy and graffiti-like large format paintings.
During the 1950s, when he became a prominent figure of the New York group of artists, Cy Twombly developed a signature, instantly recognizable painting technique of gestural drawing, characterized by thin bright lines that appear to be scratched onto dark canvass. Twombly’s late works on paper took a turn toward romantic symbolism with their titles interpretable through painted shapes and words.